Steroids are a class of chemical compounds, composed of a glycosyl group or peptide which can be arranged intooses. A steroid is a genetically active, naturally occurring chemical compound having four carbon atoms in its open carboxy-links. Several steroids have been developed over the years. Some steroids have important physiologic effects and many others are used for the treatment of human diseases.
The term “steroid” comes from the Greek word “osteleuteria”, meaning “soft flesh”. Steroids have two primary biological roles: as messengers of the message from the brain to the rest of the body, and as modulators of cellular metabolism. The presence of a steroid hormone decreases the rate of protein synthesis in the liver and increases the concentration of fatty acids in adipose tissue. These actions help regulate processes such as the production of growth hormones and the distribution of nutrients throughout the body.
Steroids can be classified into two categories according to their structure. The first is an alkaloid, a structure that has at least one hydrogen atom in the center and one electron missing. The second is an android, a structure that has one hydrogen atom and one electron missing. The structure of an amyloid and an alkaloid is identical, except for the fact that the hydrogens in the center of one differ from the hydrogens in the center of the other.
Almost all steroids are lipid soluble, which means that they are soluble in water. In the laboratory, steroids are usually prepared by combining an anabolic steroid and non-anabolic steroid, in the form of a mixture. Many steroids have single carbon atoms in their ring system, which cannot be changed during treatment, while the structurally related anabolic steroids have multiple carbon rings. The term “steroid” refers to any of the following structures.
Enlargement of the pancreas is caused by steroid use, specifically by cortisol. Cortisol is a glucocorticoid hormone. It is a strong anti-diuretic and will cause your kidneys to produce more glycogen. Glycogen is glucose found in your muscles, liver and intestines. Your kidneys will use it for water treatment and the excess amounts stored in your muscles can cause your joints to become inflamed and your skin to thicken.
When you have steroids, there can be serious side effects that you did not expect. The most common side effect is aggression or mood swings. The steroids change the chemistry of your endocrine system, which in turn affects your cholesterol and blood pressure levels. This is why steroids have been banned in several countries.
Some of the steroids have the ability to reduce the cholesterol levels by interfering with the enzyme lipase. Lipase is responsible for the breaking down of fats to energy. If the cholesterol is lowered, the fats will be used as energy instead of stored as fat in the body.
There are certain hormones in the steroid nucleus that act on the enzyme aromatase. If the enzyme fails to work properly, the steroids become useless in fighting of the inflammation. This explains why steroids have been banned in several countries including the United States.
Another chemical in steroids is the bile acids. Steroid hormones act directly on the bile acids, which are responsible for providing the body with the necessary fat-burning nutrients. Bile acids help the body break down fats to energy. Without bile acids, a person’s metabolism will slow down, making one prone to obesity.
Steroid hormones are found in two major classes. They are classified as androgens (which include testosterone), and estrogens (which include estrogen). Among the steroids present in the body are the androstenone (which has been found to increase aggression among adolescents) and estates (which decreases cholesterol in menopausal women).
One major function of steroids is the stimulation of the human pituitary gland. It does this by increasing the production of cortisone and other hormones. In fact, it has been found that when the pathway is blocked, there is an increased risk of cancer. This effect is caused by the blocking of the actions of cortisol on the adrenal medulla. Other substances that may stimulate the pathway are thyroid-stimulating agents (such as thyrotropin) and L-carnitine.
Finally, steroids stimulate the production of new blood vessels, which allows for increased oxygenation of the body. As a result, cells in the adrenal cortex are better nourished, which stimulates repair of tissue damage and protein synthesis. This explains why athletes use anabolic steroids to boost their energy levels. With all the chemistry involving anabolic and catabolic hormones, it would be difficult to think that anabolic steroids can do any harm.