Steroids are chemical substances secreted into the bloodstream by the body’s white blood cells. A steroid is a naturally occurring, biologically inactive organic molecule with four hydrogens and two enols arranged in a particular linear molecular structure. Humans have three kinds of steroids: triostosteres, which include prednisolone, and exogenous steroids, those produced inside the body. Exogenous steroid is a substance that gets introduced into the body either through injury or surgery.
There are two major ways in which steroids are used in medicine. They can be used to treat a disease or injury, or to prevent the same from happening again. For example, a doctor may inject a patient with a corticosteroid to reduce the risk of developing high blood pressure. As a result of this treatment, a high blood pressure is less likely to develop in the future. As a medication, steroids also reduce the possibility of infections and decrease the length of hospital stays.
However, many doctors caution against the use of steroids for a long period of time. One reason is that there is a very high risk of serious side effects such as joint pain, acne, fragile bones, shortening of the life span of a lung or liver cell, and others. This is particularly true in long-term steroid use. Long-term steroid use is very dangerous because these hormones create a state called resistance, wherein the cells become unable to function normally.
The highest doses of testosterone that are recommended for athletes are around 0.35mg/kg. If you are an athlete, your trainer will let you know how much of the anabolic steroid to prescribe, how often to take it, and when to stop taking it. The trainer will advise you on the number of doses needed to achieve your desired goals. The highest doses are usually prescribed to bodybuilders. However, even competitive weightlifters must be careful with the administration of steroids, because higher doses can lead to serious side effects.
One of the most common side effects in adults is hypertension, which can be serious if the steroid dose is too high or if taking too many doses. Hypertension, if left untreated, can cause a heart attack and stroke, which can be fatal. In addition, there are some serious side effects such as bone deterioration, fluid retention, shortness of breath, and sexual dysfunction. There are also increased risks of developing an autoimmune disease, kidney damage, and certain types of cancer.
Most athletes use non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), which are relatively inexpensive and easily available over-the-counter. Common NSAIDs are ibuprofen and naproxen. In fact, many doctors will not prescribe steroids to patients unless the patient is allergic to one or more of the ingredients in these drugs. There are two distinct categories of NSAIDs: non-steroidal and corticosteroid. Non-steroidal drugs reduce inflammation by reducing the swelling caused by injuries or illnesses, while corticosteroids reduce the ability of the immune system to fight infection.
Although steroids may help an athlete to recover from injury or illness faster, they can also lead to serious side effects. The most common side effects of steroids include joint pain, swelling, depression, and extreme pain after excessive workout. More seriously, steroids can cause acne, increase the risk of blood clotting, decrease sperm count, and cause gynecomastia (a condition where a male develops man boobs). Many male athletes have reported gaining an unrealistic amount of muscle mass in a relatively short amount of time. However, even with the possible side effects of steroids, most professional athletes continue to take steroids to build their muscle mass. For this reason, it is not uncommon for amateur athletes to use steroids for training and recovery, but they often have poor results because they do not follow the correct dosage or regimen.
Another common reason why athletes take steroids is because they are approved by the FDA (Food and Drug Administration). However, steroids have been shown to have many negative side effects, such as mood swings, increased heart rate, and damage to the liver. Also, there is the issue of kids. National Drug Intelligence says that almost all of the weightlifters and bodybuilders that use steroids are abusers, and they do not care about the negative side effects, since they are not hurting anyone.